European Economic Space Agreement

In 1992, the seven EFTA members at the time concluded an agreement enabling them to participate in the European Community`s ambitious internal market project, launched in 1985 and concluded at the end of 1992. The Agreement on the European Economic Area (EEA) was signed on 2 May 1992 and entered into force on 1 January 1994. Four Memoranda of Understanding (MoUs) between the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and each European Space Agency (ESA), the Canadian Space Agency (CSA), the Russian Space Agency (Roskosmos) and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA). The work will be verified by a selection committee composed of scientists affiliated with LSEE and coordinated by the CEFTA Secretariat. A “Best Paper” prize (worth €3,000) will be awarded to the document, considered of the highest quality on the basis of scientific rigour, clarity of analysis and presentation and policy relevance. The scientific committee also awards up to two prizes (worth €2,000 and €1,000) for second-place work. The decisions of the commission are final. The winning authors (one per paper) will be invited to present their work and receive their awards at CEFTA Week in Skopje in November/December 2021. The submitted work will be considered, with the agreement of the authors, in the LSEE-CEFTA Research Papers on International Trade series of discussion papers and in a special edition of the journal economic annals, published by the Faculty of Economics of the University of Belgrade, subject to the usual referencing practices of publication. This framework agreement is the joint commitment of the European cross-sectoral social partners. The intergovernmental agreement allows the space station partner states to extend their national competences in space, so that the elements they have made available (e.g.

laboratories.B) are assimilated to the territories of the partner states. While intensifying economic relations, the agreements have also created a complex and sometimes inconsistent network of commitments. Bilateral agreements need to be updated regularly and do not have the dynamic character of the EEA Agreement. They also lack effective monitoring agreements or dispute settlement mechanisms. To address these issues, negotiations were launched on 22 May 2014 between the EU and Switzerland for an Institutional Framework Agreement (AFI). The negotiations aimed to resolve several difficult issues ranging from the conditions applicable to EU service providers in Switzerland to the role of the Court of Justice in dispute settlement. Negotiations for the IFA were concluded at the political level on 23 November 2018. However, the Federal Council was unable to agree on the final text due to Switzerland`s concerns about the lack of consideration of “accompanying measures” [4] and the adoption of the acquis communautaire in the area of the free movement of persons. It has launched a broad internal consultation with the relevant federal commissions, parties, cantons, social partners and science and research, which will serve as a basis for deciding whether or not to submit the agreement to the Federal Assembly for approval. . . .

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